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Music History

What other groups made an appearance? Scepter was followed by other independent labels. In Philles, Phil Spector made records for the Crystals or the Ronettes. In Red Bird, Leiber and Stoller sheltered groups like The Shangri-Las, Dixie Cups, or Jelly Beans. Most of these groups were based in New...
When do they appear? Since the introduction of records, the entertainment industry has regularly launched different types of dances, matching the social climate of each era. With the birth of rock and roll these dances were intended for a restless youth audience. In 1960, with Chubby Checker and...
What other dances do we find? The new rhythms multiplied incessantly. There were those whose direct references were the gestures of courtship between different animals, as in the cases of dog, bird, snake, pony, monkey, jerk, scratch, or Heebie Jeebie. There were also others of more direct and...
How did the twist come about? In 1958, a rhythm and blues musician called Hank Ballard wrote “The Twist” and it was his backing group, The Midnighters, who invented dance for their performances on stage. In 1959, Ballard recorded “The Twist”, which was successful. But in 1960 Chubby Checker, a...
Why did rock and roll become universal? The hegemonic situation of the United States after the Second World War helped it spread its lifestyle to all the countries in its area of ​​influence, being welcomed by its allies with great pleasure. Rock and roll, despite its unconventional spirit, was...
What was the music scene like? As was the case in the United States, traditional sounds prevailed in Britain in the early 1950s. Particularly in a country that had a great musical culture, especially popular. From 1956 onwards, the skiffle burst in with force. An American popular genre that...
How was rock and roll welcomed in Great Britain? At the same time that skiffle was prevailing, the British audience got to know American rock and roll. Films such as Blackboard Jungle or Rock Around the Clock were where they could meet and admire Bill Haley. Meanwhile, the successes of Elvis...
Who stands out among all? In 1958, Britain produced the first authentic British rock and roll song, when Cliff Richard and the Drifters debuted with the single Move It. It had a style influenced by Elvis Presley but lighter. Part of this success was due to his appearance on the Oh Boy! (1958-59),...
How did the French get to know rock and roll? In France, rock and roll caught on with great ease and strength. As in other countries, it was broadcast through the AFN (American Armed Forces Network) stations of NATO bases. In response to these new sounds, a large number of local rockers appeared....
Are there also bands? In the early sixties, the celebration of the first rock and roll festivals caused riots. Some people talk about brilliant bands, such as Les Chaussettes Noirs, where future stars like Eddy Mitchell can be found. Les Chats Sauvages also stand out, as well as Dick Rivers,...
In what context was it born? In the mid-fifties, Italian popular music lived years of splendour. The San Remo festival, founded in 1951, marked the musical scene and became a breeding ground for singers and composers. Although it was a musical contest dedicated to light songs, it served to allow...
What other figures stood out? Along with Adriano Celentano, among the pioneers of Italian rock and roll stand out: Brunetta, Pennant, Little Tony, Babette, or Tony Renis. Twist fever also came to Italy, with Peppino di Capri and his Saint Tropez Twist (1962). But the festival of San Remo imposed...

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