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When did the CD appear?

In 1980, the Phillips and Sony companies began to jointly develop the compact disk. On October 1, 1982, Sony introduced the CDP-101, the first compact disc player, in Japan.

Months later, in March 1983, it was introduced in Europe and the United States. Polygram (Phillips) and CBS (Sony) were the record companies that manufactured and released the first CDs for home use.

Claudio Arrau - Waltz No. 2 opus 64 for piano (1982)

Song composed by Frederic Chopin in 1847. The Chilean pianist's performance was included on the first musical compact disc released.

Since 1974, the technological companies Phiilips and Sony had worked, in parallel and independently, on the development of a new record that offered a higher sound quality than vinyl records, which were large and fragile. In 1979, both companies joined forces and created a joint working group for the development of a digital record. Philips contributed the technology it had developed in laser disc research and Sony contributed the error correction method.

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How did the jukebox evolve?

The moment economic well-being increases, it begins to decline. Pick-ups and FM appear. Locals replace jukeboxes with other types of machines, first flippers and then video games, slots, etc.

Nowadays they are still manufactured and can be acquired adapted to digital formats, although they have practically been relegated to the status of cult items for the domestic use of their fans.

Abba - One of Us (1982)

Song composed by Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus. It appeared on The Visitors, the first pop music album to be released in CD format.

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Today, jukeboxes are capable of playing all kinds of audio, video and karaoke formats. They also support a multitude of external storage devices, so the capacity is unlimited. They are more compact and have a more powerful and faithful sound. The so-called digital jukeboxes incorporate software applications that make them more user-friendly and easy to use. Some incorporate touch screens that make user interaction faster and more intuitive.

How did they live in Spain?

The machines produced by the American brands did not arrive in Spain in large numbers. They were introduced, in a punctual way, through the military bases and the merchandise ports. 

Of national manufacture, the Gedasa brand symphonolas were very popular. The companies Petaco and Famaresa also stood out. Although internationally they were more prestigious thanks to their pinballs.

The Students - Woo Hoo (1960)

Subject credited to George Donald McGraw. It is considered to be the first vinyl single by a Spanish band that made authentic rock and roll. 

Considered the first Spanish band to make genuine rock and roll, Los Estudiantes managed to dominate and adapt American rhythms to Spanish taste. They began as a duo with José Barranco on the Spanish guitar and Alberto Gosálvez on a single drum, emulating their idol Elvis Presley. After several changes, Rafa Aracil, who owned one of the first electric guitars in Spain, Fernando Arbex and José Luis Palacios entered. Their repertoire was made up of songs by Chuck Berry, Richie Valens, Buddy Holly, Elvis, etc.

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